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Education Curriculum in South Africa

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A school curriculum refers to chosen program content and experiences of learning which is given by schools in South Africa and has a capability of changing and modifying the behavior of the learner. I agree with the fact that the curriculum should not be viewed as a harmless document, which automatically educates learners for the better, but should rather flow from a comprehensive and critical reflection about the nature of knowledge, selection of content and its relevance, the needs of society, the realities of education system and of teachers among other things. Several factors are considered when choosing the content of education curriculum in South Africa. Such factors are discussed below together with their relevance to South African citizens.

National Goals of Education

Learning in South Africa is guided by philosophy and national goals that are affected by considerations of politics to achieve national identity. Development of curriculum can either be put under national or local level.

Number of Subject Options Available

A school normally cannot factor in a subject that is not on the curriculum of the country hence the curriculum of the school is limited to what South Africa offers in its list of subjects.

The Learner

South Africa’s school curriculum is determined greatly by the learner’s physical, emotional, and mental requirements. It focuses on the maturity and development level of the learner. Young learners should be taught what they can digest in relation to quantity and depth. For instance  in the primary level science, more emphasis is placed on the systems and processes which affect the learner’s life without stating the theories and principles behind their concepts. Complexity levels increase as the learner progresses in his or her education and it depends on the level of mental capacity.  In case of challenges, students may buy cheap custom essays and get more spare time for the other activities. The student’s physical condition has an impact on experience and subject selection. An individual cannot deliver knowledge on arts to blind people and music cannot be taught to deaf people.

Availability of Resources

Such resources comprise of learning equipment, materials and personal factors such as experience and qualifications. Schools in South Africa cannot choose to offer a certain subject just because it is offered in other learning institutions. A tertiary institution should not teach computer studies if does not have an access to electricity or choose rugby game if it does not have a field and qualified coaches to coach the players. Curriculum developers must consider available resources before choosing subjects to be offered in the schools in South Africa.

The education curriculum of South Africa emphasizes on the need for learning institutions to interact with learners and community in their home environment In order to ensure that they have knowledge concerning history and background of the students. Studies have shown that when the background and community are factored in the education curriculum, the learning process most likely becomes efficient. In South Africa, the colonial education was focused on an individual only and ignored communalism, which is treasured in African communities. From Chinua Achebe’s novel of things fall apart, the idea of picking what is best in Africa and combining it with what is best from the west is put across clearly.

 The limitation of colonial education in South Africa was that they brought to an end teaching of traditional values in the curriculum. Education in South Africa is currently faced by the challenges of trying to incorporate indigenous knowledge in their education curriculum. The culture of Africans is related to social modes, religious beliefs, and moral values and this is shown in narration art and the use of riddles and proverbs. Bude states that handicraft, songs, design, agricultural layout, and dance form a part of African indigenous knowledge systems. Schools have an option of either maintaining the status core or teaching western education values instead of indigenous cultures. The second option is factoring in African culture values to equip the curriculum that South Africa has with indigenous knowledge systems. It will lead to a paradigm shift, which recreates previous knowledge related to western culture. Indigenous knowledge systems have to be a part of democratic control over the social and political structures of the society of South Africa. South Africans need to use indigenous knowledge systems so as to emancipate education during their process of transforming the education curriculum. It will aid in transition from Apartheid Education to the Revised National Curriculum statement enrichment of the society values.

Education curriculum in South Africa is not as economically, politically, and socially innocent as it appears to be. Parents are expected to show responsibility in assessing the outcomes of the evaluation of the school curriculum themselves such as if the private schools impact the required knowledge to their learners. Meaningful education can be described using the following words: transformation, dialogue, liberator social change and freedom. Such are the terms used to give a definition of what we expect from a system of education that is Africanized to inspire to. Teachers play crucial roles in implementing the policies of education in South Africa. A majority of researchers have stated that the issues in introducing outcomes based education (OBE) in South Africa in 1997 was because teachers were not included in formulating the curriculum policies.

In the process of transition from the strategies of the past to more liberal forms of transformational pedagogy, teachers should be involved. In most cases, teachers are usually blamed for any failure in the curriculum.

Among the issues that are addressed by the education curriculum of South Africa there is the idea of democracy outside and inside the classroom. Teachers are required to be promoters of democracy according to policies of OBE. However, even if teachers have understood certain types of democracy in the society as required by the South African Constitution, they are still slow in delivering this knowledge to their students. The trend, however, towards bringing democracy to the society requires that the job of teachers must not only be effective but also sufficiently enable democracy. It is not easy considering the teachers role in the past curriculum whereby they were not considered as a part of democratic process. Teachers stood in the middle of the ground contested on the one hand by the community, pupils, and parents and on the other hand by the state. It implies that they are government employees on one-hand and community members on the other. Teachers were blamed on their inefficiency from both sides but this has stopped since the introduction of the new curriculum.

The curriculum of South Africa has presented new challenges regarding to how democracy should be dealt with by the teachers. If the society has to embrace its curriculum partly through formal education, teachers have to be trained and consulted so as to ensure that there are no complications in curriculum implementation.

The challenges facing education systems in South Africa are currently reflected by the fact that education is viewed as a priority on all agendas such as local, national or provincial. Development in the society drives thinkers of education to establish the status and roles of education in a democratic society.

During a national Congress of the Education Association of South Africa (EASA) the education minister Dr. Bengu, highlighted on some values and principles, which must guide how the government handles education in South Africa. According to this minister, education should enable all individuals to value, have access to, and become successful in the end. The choice of the curriculum should be diversified so as to prepare the rising numbers of adults and youth with the skills and education which are needed by the economy and also for career development and further learning. The states resources should be shared according to the principle of equity in order to ensure that the same quality of education is offered to all citizens. Special emphasis should be placed on the cases of education inequalities to the disadvantaged people in the society.

How to Improve the Situation

Improvement of the education quality and training services is important. Improvement of the efficiency and productivity is important as well so as to support the systems cost to the public. Such principles agree with the provisions of the White Paper whereby special attention is given to the organization, funding of schools and governance. In brief the paper stated that the new structure of the school organization should develop conditions for developing a flexible, coherent and integrated national system which advances redress, democratic governance, equitable use of public resources, school-based decision making within provincial guidelines and improvement in the quality of education across the system.

The education reality in South Africa should be brought about by a good managed process of a negotiated change of the previous educational dispensation basing on the fact that all public schools should embody a partnership between local community and provincial education authorities.

From the point of view of education, South Africa can be seen as a country with both third world and first world sectors which face different types of challenges. The third world faces the challenge of shortage of educational facilities, high population growth, poor economics and education policies which favor other classes. It also experiences the challenge of school readiness of large sections of third world populations considering cultural transitions and differences.

First world sector is already leaving the industrial age while the broader mass of South African society is prepared to enter the industrial age. Such discrepancy is the one which leads to South Africa’s dual crisis in education. The first world is moving in to an information age.

Summary and Suggestions

The South African education curriculum is much concerned with the need for schools to interact with students and the community at large in the society in order to ensure that they are aware of the background and history of the learners. The background and community of the learners should be considered when designing the education curriculum so that the learning process becomes efficient

The challenges facing the education curriculum of South Africa is trying to incorporate indigenous knowledge. The African culture is related with social modes, religious beliefs and moral values and this is reflected in narration of art and the use of proverbs and riddles.

Meaningful education can be described using the following words: transformation, dialogue, liberal social change and freedom. Such are the terms used to give a definition of what we expect from a system of education that is Africanized to inspire to. Teachers play a crucial role in the implementation of the curriculum and they need to be motivated so that they can do a good job.

Improvement of the education quality and training services is important. Improvement of the efficiency and productivity is important so as to support the systems cost to the public. Such principles agree with the provisions of the White Paper whereby special attention is given to the organization, funding of schools and proper governance. Teachers should be given a good training and compensation so that democracy can be enhanced in the society. It is mainly due to the fact that teachers are the ones who deliver this knowledge to the future prospective citizens of South Africa. The South African education curriculum should be able to factor in beneficial African cultures which will help in mentoring its learning population.

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Education

Simple Tricks in Managing Scholarly Papers

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Writing essays should be fun if you understand the tricks to that. Moreover, many students fail to submit worthy reports, not because they couldn’t do so but because of ignorance and carelessness. This article gives us simple guidelines on avoiding such and enables one to deliver first-rate reports at all times. Please read on for more!

How to Write a Great Academic Paperwork

There are various types of essays we encounter in schools. Therefore, the format for writing each document will vary depending on its type. Moreover, the structure will be similar in nearly every paper you write. For example, a standard report contains the introduction, body, and conclusion sections. These three sections are ubiquitous in every piece, and a writer should be able to adhere to the correct format for each paper.

The word count in different essays will vary depending on the document type. As such, the scope for research will increase when writing more extensive essays compared to writing shorter ones.

Understanding that you should consider this to evaluate the writing process is crucial. The length of the document tells how many sections or chapters will be present in the paperwork. A three-paragraph paper which ranges from around 500 to 600 words, will be shorter and easier to handle even within limited time frames. A thesis paper, on the other hand, that covers almost 40 to 60 pages in length will require planning before writing begins.

There are many exciting tricks to help students learn how to handle academic documents. For example, essay variations might lead you to miss the proper format when writing your papers. Moreover, various online assistants, like an essay service, give intellectuals quick and first-rate scholarly knowledge with ease. Most companies offer services worldwide, so you should confirm the terms of their operations. Evaluating online assistants and determining if they are legit before hiring them is crucial.

There are simple tips to assist students in managing their papers with ease. These include:

Accountability

First, accountability enables many to excel in their school work. Being accountable involves time management and taking responsibility for every action you engage in. When writing essays, you must remember that you are working to boost your career achievements. A top-notch paper will earn good grades, reflecting worthwhile career progress.

Time management allows proper planning before writing reports. Lengthier documents sometimes take weeks before you compile the entire booklet. It takes hard work and determination to submit worthy paperwork for your scholarly advancement. Good grades in schools allow individuals to progress in their careers, which means securing better future jobs with better-paying salaries.

Research

An online essay writer can be a reliable pro when in need of writing academic documents. Genuine companies offer reliable assistants who manage documents regardless of size, complexity, or delivery time. Good essays are simple to write, and the process should be enjoyable. It should always have a flow. The argument in your writing should express your thoughts without confusing your readers. Finally, ensure you understand the entire paper before submitting it to your tutors.

Proofreading

The first thing to help you verify that your work is perfect is proofreading. Everyone needs to countercheck the script before presenting it to the audience. Doing so enables one to identify any mistakes in writing. Besides, proofreading allows individuals to read through their documents and ascertain that the content is in line with the topic sentence. It is common for many to flop when writing their papers because maybe they were in a hurry to beat deadlines. Nonetheless, proofreading lets one determine that their work is correct and properly documented.

The best essays are written by none other than us. Therefore, it will be necessary also to revise past papers to understand what other students write in their documents. Revisiting past papers allows one to determine how to handle particular essays and topics that seem complex. Online platforms today offer relevant database sources that accommodate scholarly knowledge. Be keen always to engage such sources when researching information for your pieces. These sources are also good when referencing your work. Sometimes individuals rely on fake websites, and this causes them to submit plagiarized work. Always countercheck your paperwork to ensure they are free of plagiarism. With 1text.com, it has become effortless for individuals to submit plagiarism-free documents. The online platform allows one to scan documents and gives results depending on how the paper is. Also, you can manually countercheck your work, although this might take time. Also, it is easier to miss some errors when checking your work. Regardless, individuals should proofread their pieces at all times. 

With such tricks, anyone can score good grades on their papers. 

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Education

Why is Financial Literacy so Important in School?

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Learning how to manage money in schools should be a separate subject to be taught.

Children should be taught from a young age about money, where it comes from, how best to handle money and how to save.

Many parents think that they should let their children enjoy the charms of childhood carefree.

However, experts do not agree with this and believe that if you want to raise them and prepare them for the future in the best possible way, you should teach them about money as early as possible.

So what is a kids credit card?

Kid’s credit cards make learning about finances easy and fun

Most adults get into trouble because they don’t have a good foundation and no one taught them about money, so later they get into debt and become stressed and anxious.

Which ultimately destroys their standard of living. This type of card is designed to make it easier for parents and kids to learn about the financial world.

What is special is that, in addition to teaching children financial literacy, they also teach them responsibilities and doing chores within the household and community.

The procedure for opening this type of card is simple

Parents open an account in the name of their children by providing basic information, name, surname, and place of residence.

After the parents have paid money into the children’s account, the account is automatically activated.

What is special about these type of cards

Credit cards for kids, in addition to educating them about finances, also teach them the various skills and responsibilities they have within the household.

There are personalized tables for all ages children from younger to older, where parents set tasks that children must complete within a given time.

Based on completed tasks, children receive an increase in allowance or a reduction.

Parents can prohibit transactions with certain companies and brands that they consider inappropriate content for their children.

Parents are the ones who have complete supervision and insight into all activities that children perform on the account, from saving, spending, earning, investing, and donating money.

Financial education should be introduced into the education system

During the school period, we learn things that we will never need, but we do not learn basic things such as handling money.

Therefore, many children grow up to be adults who are not able to rationally spend, save and have no idea about investing in stocks and building credit.

Although many believe that parents should teach their children about finances, keep in mind that today most parents, unfortunately, do not have a basic education about finances.

Therefore, the expert proposes to revise the curriculum as soon as possible and introduce financial education as a separate subject.

What would be taught within financial education

Within the subject of financial education, children would be taught various things.

Children would first have to learn the basics of money, where it comes from, and all the ways of earning money that exists within their age.

1. The difference between luxury and necessity

A basic distinction that children must learn is the difference between what is a necessity and what is a luxury.

Children must know that their parents cannot fulfill all their wishes.

Children also need to know that there are many more important things that parents need to spend money on such as paying bills, rent, loans, food, drinks, clothes, and shoes.

2. Learning to save, rational spending, and investing in stocks

Learning how to put together a savings plan is one of the most important things for children.

Through the school plan, they would have a special savings plan based on the pocket money they receive, and they must set aside a percentage for savings.

The money that is in savings is not touched, that money is kept for something else, of course in agreement with the parents.

3. Learning rational spending

Most children spend the money they have on toys, sweets, and games. A small percentage of children know how to dispose of money conscientiously and not spend it on stupid things.

Through classes, the plan is to teach them how to spend and dispose of money rationally.

That money is very difficult to earn and that it should not be taken for granted and sometimes it is better to wait than to spend the money immediately.

4. To encourage children to become small entrepreneurs

All children are inclined to be independent no matter how old they are, it is up to parents and teachers to encourage children to be small entrepreneurs.

Encourage them to take on extra chores around the house, and find part-time jobs like lawn care, dog grooming, babysitting, tutoring, or selling their artwork.

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Education

How Scrabble Pros Unscramble Words with Ease

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The most experienced Scrabble players have developed several strategies that give them an edge over newbies and recreational players alike, allowing them to rack up big points by unscrambling their opponents’ letters at key moments. While these techniques can be very effective, they are also easy to overlook if you aren’t aware of how to recognize them, so we’ve put together this list of the most common tricks of the Scrabble pros so that you can start using them too!

Take it Slow Don’t Rush

One of the most common mistakes people make when playing Scrabble is spending all of their tiles right away. However, there are ways to keep track of tiles and strategies to maximize them. This one is a simple example. The maximum number of vowels to be used in the alphabet should be less than the number of consonants. For example, if you create SARAN or CARAT then you can block opponents from getting points in some cases, but this won’t help you get points in the game. One technique is to identify the letter that each player has chosen in previous rounds, and use those letters to create new words.

Know Letter Frequency

When you’re trying to improve your skills, it is helpful to know the frequency of letters in English, which helps you avoid getting an advantage over other players who might not be aware of this. Despite there being 26 letters in the English language, ‘E’ is the most popular with 13% of all words ending in ‘E’. ‘T’ is a close second at 9%. For example, the letter O appears less than 5% of the time and the letter Q is used only 2% of the time. That means if you see a word on the board that ends in T or has Q in it, that could give you some leverage. If someone’s already put down one or two Ts or Qs, use them before they do!

Learn Q Words

There is a lot of emphasis on learning how to play Q words, especially if they do not contain U (as they are rare). For instance, the letter Q is the least used letter in English, so it’s hard to find words that use it. Having the least used letter at the beginning of your scrabble game will definitely help to improve your skills.

You can learn Q words with a tool that unscrambles words. Enter the letters you have, including Q, and it will give word lists that contain Q. It also tells you what letter frequency for each letter so you know what to prioritize next.

Most people think about which two-letter word might be a good option when trying to come up with something from their hand, but this tool will list all possible words for any given number of letters. If there are many 2-letter words, for example, then those would be considered first rather than all the 3-letter or 4-letter ones.

When to Use Your S’s

Many might think the letter ‘S’ is the most important letter in the game because adding an ‘S’ after any word makes it plural. If you do this, you can prevent your opponents from earning points with their high-scoring letters while benefiting yourself as well. Save your S tiles and use them strategically. Try to place an S at the end of a word when it would score a few more points than if placed anywhere else. And when you come across words that have many vowels in them, such as DESIRE or SEED, save your R and I tiles until near the end when they will have more scoring power.

Look for Triple Word Scores

Some words have more than one point associated with them, which is called a triple-word score. Here’s how it works if two consecutive letters total 10 points, then they form a word. For example, if we look at the word ambulance, it is made up of two words, am and bulance, each one containing six points. As per the rules, all the words must have four letters at a minimum or they are not considered adverbs. In addition to that, it’s wise to consult a dictionary or at least Google the meaning of any words you might be unsure of. In other words, take advantage of this scoring opportunity by combining words that you know will meet the criteria.

Play Against Better Players

One way you can hone your game is by challenging experts. There are a lot of ways to find an expert to play against, but one easy way is by playing Words With Friends. Not only will you get to play against people who are as serious about Scrabble as you are, you’ll also get a chance to pick up on any word or strategy words professional Scrabble players might use to their advantage. Scrabble is a tough game to beat, so you might have trouble finding others who will regularly play with you; the only downside to finding someone to play with is that they’ll need to be at your level of Scrabble expertise. In fact, there are even chat rooms solely dedicated to competitive scrabblers!

Don’t Forget to Have Fun

Even though it might sound like we are overdoing it, this really is the best advice: a game of Scrabble should be about having fun and not serious competition. With that said, the key of the game is that the other player will likely be having just as much fun. Thus, the game will be more fun for both of you if you don’t hesitate to make risky moves. In some cases, it’s either the extreme of one extreme or nothing at all.

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